UNIVERSITY of GLASGOW

The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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System Number: 12735
Date: 12 October-5 November [1877][1]
Author: JW
Place: [London]
Recipient: Charles Augustus Howell[2]
Place: [London]
Repository: Glasgow University Library
Call Number: MS Whistler NB 4/1-2
Document Type: AD and MsD[3]


Howell - Pickle herring Stairs [4] Oct 12th No. 6[5] 4   5 . 4 5[.] 0
Oct 19th - From Billingsgate[6] Oct 16 th No. 3 8 - 8 - 0
- Prices Candle Factory[7] Oct 17 th No. 8 8 - 8 - 0
sold to Noseda[8] - London Bridge - Oct 17 th No. 3[9]  6 - 6 - 0 
- Battersea Morn No. 9 6   ' ' ' '[10] 10 - 10 - 0
- The Siesta[11] No. 43 6 - 6 - 0
- The Dam Wood[12] No. 2 2 - 2 - 0
- Greenhithe [13] No. 9 x 6 - 6 - 0.
- - Amsterdam[14] Oct 12 th. No. 2 3 - 3 - 0
- Piano[15] 5 . 5[.] 0
- Guitar Player[16] No. 3    ' ' 10. 10. 0
      over
(p. 2)      
Howell Continued    
- - Weary[17] - 5 - 5 - 0  
- Muff[18] - 6 - 6 - 0  
- Lindsey Houses[19] No. 3   ' ' ' 6 - 6 - 0  
- From Limehouse[20] - 4 - 4 - 0  
  Speke Avenue[21] 4 - 4 - 0 Sold to Cole[22]
- Babs[23] - No. 3 - 6 - 6 - 0  
- Fannie[24] - Oct 25 - No. 2 - Small 4 - 4 - 0  
  Little Pool 2 (of 12)[25] 2 - 2 - 0 Sold to Cole
- Ship builders yard[26] - 6 - 6 - 0  
- Speke Shore[27] 3 - 3 - 0 Sold to Mrs Noseda
  Chelsea[28] Wharf No. 5 Oct 21 4 - 4 - 0[29]  
- Flo [30]- x 6 - 6 - 0  
- The draped figure[31] No. 4 6 5 - 5 - 0  
  Fannie - (before [butterfly signature]. Jap. paper)[32]  5 - 5 - 0 -  
Oct 29 - {Speke Avenue - (1st proof)  1 - 1 - 0  Sold Howell[33]
{   "     "     (cut proof -)  1 - 1 - 0  returned home
Nov - 5 - - Charlie -[34]  5 - 5 - 0  sold to Mrs Noseda.[35] 

 


This document is protected by copyright.


Notes:

1.  12 October-5 November [1877]
The ledger was written in sequence, and this account follows that of M. B. Huish, dated 10 October 1877 (#12734). It records transactions between 12 October and 5 November 1877, the majority on 19 October.

2.  Charles Augustus Howell
Charles Augustus ('Owl') Howell (1840? - d.1890), entrepreneur [more]. Some purchases were probably for Howell's own collection but he apparently also acted as intermediary between JW and some print dealers, like Mrs Noseda, or collectors, like Sir Henry Cole. In 1877 JW was encouraged by Howell, with the help of Rosa Frances Corder (1853-1884), artist [more], to print from his old etching plates. He told the story years later to the Pennells: "Howell said: 'Why, you have etched many plates, haven't you? You must get them out, you must print them, you must let me see them - there's gold waiting. And you have a press!' And so I had, in a room upstairs, only it was rusty, it hadn't been used for so long. But Howell wouldn't listen to an objection. He said he would fix the press, he would pull it. And there was no escape. And the next morning, there we all were, Miss Rosa Corder too, and Howell was pulling at the wheel, and there were basins of water, and paper being damped, and prints being dried, and then Howell was grinding more ink, and, with the plates under my fingers, I felt all the old love of it come back. In the afternoons Howell would go and see Mr. Graves, the print seller, and there were orders flying about, and cheques - it was all amazing, you know! Howell profited, of course. But he was so superb. One evening we had left a pile of eleven prints just pulled, and the next morning only five were there. 'It's very strange!' Howell said, 'we must have a search. No one could have taken them but me, and that, you know, is impossible!'" (Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908 1, pp. 214-15.)

3.  AD and MsD
The accounts were written by Mary Maud Franklin (1857- ca 1941), JW's model and mistress [more]. Some amendments were made by JW and C. A. Howell, and in an unknown hand.

4.  Pickle herring Stairs
From Pickle-Herring Stairs (K.167).

5.  6
It is not clear if each etching was numbered as printed. Howell's purchases on 19 October included two etchings (Amsterdam from the Tolhuis (K.91) and From Pickle-Herring Stairs (K.167)) dated 'Oct 12th' with different numbers ('No. 2' and 'No. 6'). Amsterdam from the Tolhuis (K.91) and The Dam Wood (K.145) bear the same number, 'No. 2' but it is not clear if The Dam Wood (K.145) is included among those dated 'Oct 17th'. This might suggest that JW numbered the etchings in the printing sequence of a particular day. However, he may also have sent numbered lists to particular clients. JW's mention of '11 prints just pulled', as mentioned to the Pennells, gives some indication of the minimum number of impressions pulled in a day.

6.  From Billingsgate
A Sketch from Billingsgate (K.168).

7.  Prices Candle Factory
Price's Candle Works (K.154).

8.  sold to Noseda
Mrs Jane Noseda (b. 1813 or 1814), print dealer [more]. This has been noted in C. A. Howell's hand.

9.  London Bridge
London Bridge (K.153).

10.  Battersea Morn No. 6 ' ' ' '
Battersea: Dawn (K.155), or possibly Early Morning, Battersea (K.75). For a discussion of the codes used by JW to indicate printing and sales, see #12734.

11.  The Siesta
Possibly The Model lying down (K.121) or A Child on a Couch, No.2 (K.125) or Nude Girl, Reclining (K.126).

12.  The Dam Wood
The Dam Wood (K.145).

13.  Greenhithe
The Thames towards Erith (K.165).

14.  Amsterdam
Amsterdam from the Tolhuis (K.91).

15.  Piano
The Piano (K.141).

16.  Guitar Player
The Guitar Player (K.140).

17.  Weary
Weary (K.92).

18.  Muff
The Muff (K.113).

19.  Lindsey Houses
Lindsey Houses (K.166).

20.  From Limehouse
Unidentified. Limehouse Pier is on the north bank of the Thames, on a bend of the river. From there, the artist could see the docks and wharves of Rotherhithe, or look due south down Limehouse Reach towards Greenwich, or west towards the Lower Pool of London.

21.  Speke Avenue
Speke Hall, No.2 (K.143).

22.  Cole
Probably Sir Henry ('King') Cole (1808-1882), civil servant and museum director [more], but possibly Alan Summerly Cole (1846-1934), textile expert and museum official [more].

23.  Babs
Elinor Leyland (K.109). 'Babs' was JW's pet name for Elinor Leyland (1861-1952), later Mrs Speed [more].

24.  Fannie
Fanny Leyland (K.108).

25.  Oct 25 - No. 2 - Small
Added in pencil, as is a section from 'Chelsea Wharf' (see below).

26.  Little Pool 2 (of 12)
The Little Pool (K.74). '2 (of 12)' was written by JW. This is the only clear indication of the numbers of impressions pulled from individual copper plates at this time, confirming JW's memory as told to the Pennells (op. cit.).

27.  Ship builders yard
Shipbuilder's Yard (K.146).

28.  Speke Shore
Speke Shore (K.144).

29.  Chelsea Wharf
Chelsea Wharf (K.89). 'Chelsea Wharf' to 'figure No 4', in column 2, are written in a bold pencil, unidentified hand.

30.  4 - 4 - 0
JW probably wrote the prices in column 3, from this point to the end of the page.

31.  Flo - x
Florence Leyland (K.110). The 'x' is adorned with four dots, at the cross-point. It is not clear what it means nor whether it applies to this row ('Flo') or the next ('The draped figure').

32.  The draped figure
Probably The Model Resting (K.100).

33.  Fannie - (before [butterfly signature]. Jap. paper)
Fanny Leyland (K.108). The butterfly monogram is unusual for this date, because it has no 'veins' on the wings. JW wrote columns 1, 2 and 3, from 'Fannie' to the end of the page.

34.  Sold Howell
Maud Franklin wrote 'sold Howell' and 'returned home' in column 4.

35.  Charlie
The Boy (K.135) was a portrait of Charles James Whistler Hanson (1870-1935), engineer, son of JW and Louisa Fanny Hanson [more].

36.  sold to Mrs Noseda.
Mrs Jane Noseda (b. 1813 or 1814), print dealer [more]. This note was written by C. A. Howell.