UNIVERSITY of GLASGOW

The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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System Number: 08848
Date: December 1878[1]
Author: John S. Charles[2]
Place: London
Recipient: JW
Place: London
Repository: Library of Congress
Call Number: Manuscripts Division, Pennell Whistler Collection
Document Type: MsD[3]


[Ledger, front cover]

[ACCOUNT STATEMENT BOOK?]
[illegible word] [ONLY?]
[Royal Coat of Arms]
JOHN S. CHARLES
FISHMONGER
AND MERCHANT
ARABELLA ROW
[PIMLICO?]

[Inside front cover] IT IS RESPECTFULLY REQUESTED THAT ALL ACCOUNTS BE PAID AT THE SHOP, WHERE A RECEIVING CLERK IS IN ATTENDANCE FROM 8. A. M., TO 9 P. M.

9. ARABELLA ROW
S. W.
[Stamp of J. Anderson Rose]

[p. 1] [written in another hand] '182'
J. Whistler Esq,
In account with
J. S. Charles
Fishmonger
9 Arabella Row
Pimlico. S. W.
late 96 Cheyne Walk
from Tite Street Chelsea
late 2 Lindsey Houses
[in various hands:] '589' '216' '514' 'K' 'K' '208'

[p. 2]

1876        
July 31[4]  Ice   4  
  Mullet   9  
Aug 2 Ice   3  
3 whitings   2  
4 Lobster   8  
  Soles   2 3
  Ice   1  - 
    1.  9.  3 
         

 

[p. 3]

1876        
Aug 7 Whitgs[5]    3  
" Soles   1  
" Oyster   3  
" Ice   2  
10 Lobster   3  
11 Mackl.   2 3
  Oyster   3  
  Ice       6.  
        19   

 

[p. 4]

1877 [sic]        
Augt 16. Cod Crab   4  
  Mackl   1  
  Lobster   4  
  Ice   3  
17[6]  Salmon   3 9
18 Soles        
      -  3 
         
23 Bloater   1  
  Ice          
        4.      

 

[p. 5]

1876[7]         
Augt. 28[8]  Soles   2  
  Ice   1 6
30 Herrings -     8
31 "   1  
Sepr. 1 Salmon   3 3
  Ice        
        9.   11 

 

[p. 6]

1876        
Sept 2 Oyster   4  
8 Mackl   4  
15  Oyster   4  
15 Ice   2  
  Bloater         
    -    15  -   
         
16[9]  Lobster   4  
  Ice   1 6
21 Soles   3 6
  Oyster   2 -
22 Oyster          
    -    17  -   

 

[p. 7]

1876        
Sept. 26[10]  Whitings   4  
  Oyster   4  
27 Sole   2  
  Ice   1 6
28 Crab   3 6
  Oyster   6  
Oct 2 Bloater        
    1.      

 

[p. 8]

1876        
Octr 17 Soles   3  
  Ice   1 6
18 Lobster   4  
20 Ice   1 6
  Ice   1  
  [sprats?[11]]          
        12   

 

[p. 9]

1876        
Oct 23 Whitg.   4  
  Ice   1 6
24 Sole   2  
26 Turbot   2 6
3 Bloater          
        11  -   
         
6 Turbot   4 6
  Ice   1 6
7 Soles          
    -    10  -   

 

[p. 10]

1876        
Nov. 11 Oyster   8  
  Ice   1 6
  Whitgs   3  
13 Lobster   4  
  Soles   3 6
15 [D Hadd?]          
        -   

 

[p. 11]

1876[12]         
Nov 18[13]  Oyster   8  
" whitgs   8  
" Ice   1 6
" Ice   1  
28 Oyster   8  
  Cod   10 -
  Ice          
    1.   18  6 

 

[p. 12]

1876        
Dec. 5 Salmon   8  
  Ice   1  
8 Lobster   4 6
  Oyster   8  
  Soles   3  
  Ice   1  
  Sole   4  
13 Bloater       -   
      10   

 

[p. 13]

1876        
Dec 18[14]  Herrings   1  
  Oyster   2  
19 Mullet          
             
         
23 Lobster   4  
27 Sole   2  
28 Mackl.   2  
29 whitgs.   3  
  Oyster   4  
30 Mackl[15]    17 6
  Crab   5 -
  Ice        
      19   

 

[p. 14]

1876 Abstract      
Aug 4 [written sideways, see below] 1 9 3
11     19 9
18   1 - 3
23     4 -
Sept 1.     9 11
15     15 -
22     17 -
Oct 2   1 2 6
20     12 -
Nov. 3     11 -
7     10 -
15.   1 1 -
28   1 18 6.
Dec- 13   1 10 6
19   - 9 -
30     19   
  £ 15.  8.    

 

[written in second column above] Amount of Abstract         
Cr. 15 "   8 "  8    
By Cash     10   7.   overpaid  
  14.   18.   1.      

 

[p. 15]

1877        
Jany 1 Soles   2 3
3[16]  Herrings   1 6
  Ice   1 6
5 Turbot[17]    12  
  Oyster   4 6
  Whitgs        
    1.   6.    
         
8[18]  Soles   3 6
  Crab   5 -
  Oyster       -   
    -    12   

 

[p. 16]

1877        
Jany 16 Whitgs   6  
  Oyster   4  
17 Salmon 1 - -
  Ice   1  
  Ice     1    -   
      12      
         
23 Sole   2 -
26 whitgs        
           

 

[p. 17]

1877        
Jany 27- Turbot   6  
  Oyster   5 -
30 Salmon   12 6
  Oyster[19]    4 -
  Ice   6  
Feby 1 Cod   2 6
  Oyster   2  
5 whitgs   4 6
  Oyster.   4 -
  Ice     6.
6 Sole   2 6
  Oyster   4  
9 D[ressed] Crab   4 6
  Ice         
    2.   18.   

 

[p. 18]

1877        
Feby 10 whitgs     8
12 Ice     6
14 Salt fish   2  
  Ice     6
15 Sole   1 6
16 Oyster   4  
  Salmon   9 6
  whitgs   3  
  Ice     6
19 Sole   1 6
21 Mackl   1 3
  Kipper   1  
22 Salmon   8 6
  Ice   1  
23 Ice     6
  Oyster          
        11 

 

[p. 19]

1877        
Feby 27 Cod   3 3
  Oyster   2 -
Mar 1[20]  Sole        
    -      9.  
         
2 Salmon   3 4
5. Herrings   1  
6 Oyster   4  
7 Salmon   5 -
8 Mullet          
    -    16.  4.  

 

[p. 20]

1877        
Mar.10 Salmon   15 -
  Oyster   4  
  Ice   1  
12 Crab   4  
  Natives[21]    7  
13 Sole   2  
  Oyster   4  
14 Ice     6
15 Mackl          
      18.   

 

[p. 21]

1877        
March 17[22]  Salmon   5 3
20 Cod   2  
" Ice     6
21 Sole   1 6
22 Mullet   1 6
23 Salmon   10 6
  Ice          
    1.   1.    

 

[p. 22]

1877        
March 24 Cod   2  
26 Oyster   4 -
27 whitgs   4 -
  Ice   2 -
28 Salmon   8 -
  Oyster   4 -
29 Saltfish   1 6
30 Ice          
    1.   6.   6.  

 

[p. 23]

1877        
Apl 2 Cod   2 6
4 Mackl   1  
5 Sole          
        5.   6.  
         
7 Herrings   1  
  D Haddock   1  
  Ice     6
9 Oyster   4  
10 Sole   2 6
  Ice     6
12 Oyster          
        13   

 

[p. 24]

1877        
Apl 14 Whitgs   1  
" Salmon   5 -
" Ice     6
16 Turbot   2 10
18 Mackl.   1 -
" Ice     6
20 Soles   2 -
  Oyster       -   
        16.  10. 

 

[p. 25]

1877        
Apl 21 Mullet   3 -
  Lobster   3 6
  Ice     6
23 Salmon   4 -
  Ice     6
24 Sole   1 6
  Ice   1 -
25 Natives   7 -
26 Oyster          
    1.   5.    

 

[p. 26]

1877        
April 28 [Hall?]   1  
30 Mackl   1  
May 3- Salmon   4 3
4 Soles   1 6
" [Hall?]   1  
5 Crab   4  
" Mackl   1  
" Ice          
        14   

 

[p. 27]

1877        
May 10 D Haddock   1  
11 [Hall?]   1  
12 Bognors.   2  
17 Salmon   3 9
" Ice   1  
18 [Hall?]          
    -    9.  9.  

 

[p. 28]

1877        
May 19 Sole   1 6
21 Salmon   3 9
" Oyster   4  
" Ice   2 -
23 Sole.   1 -
24 W[hite]bait   2  
" Oyster   3  
25 Sole.        
    -    18.  3.  

 

[p. 29]

1877        
May 26 Salmon -   12 -
  Lobster -   4 6
  Oyster   10 -
  Prawns -   2 6 -
  Ice   2 -
31 Shrimps   2 -
  Ice          
    1.   14  -   

 

[p. 30]

1877        
June 2[23]  Lobster   4  
" Kippers   1  
4 Sole   1 6
6 Ice   1  
8 Mack.        
  £ 1.        

 

[p. 31]

1877        
June 9[24]  Lobster   4  
" Ice   1 -
11 Lobster   3 6
" Ice   1  
13 Salmon   5 -
14 Ice   1  
16 Soles   4 -
  Bloater          
  £ 1.     -   

 

[p. 32]

1877        
June 19 Shrimp   1 6
" Ice   1  
20 Ice   1  
21 Lobster.   4 -
22 Ice   1  
  Salmon          
        11   

 

[p. 33]

1877        
June 23 D Crab   4 6
26 Ice   2  
  [D laf?]     6
  Ice   1 6
28 Whitgs   1 6
  Ice          
        11   

 

[p. 34]

1877        
July [sic] 30 Trout   3  
" Lobster   4  
July 1 Ice   1  
3 Turbot   1 10
4 Ice   1  
5 Sole   1 9
6 Salmon   2 6
  Ice          
    -    16.  1.  

 

[p. 35]

1877        
July 7 Prawns   2  
10 Turbot   2  
12 Bloater   1  
" Ice   2  
13 Sole   1  
17 Ice   1  
" Trout   3 6
20 Sole   1  
  Ice          
    -    14   

 

[p. 36]

1877        
July 21 D Crab   4  
26 Salmon   2 4
28 Lobster   3  
  Ice     6
  Shrimps     6
30 Sole   1  
  D Hadd   1  
  Shrimp     6
31 Ice   1  
Aug 1 Trout   3 -
3 Whitgs   1 6
4 Lobster   8 -
  Salmon   2 6
  Ice          
    1.   9.   10 

 

[p. 37]

1877        
Aug 6 Mullet   2  
7 Ice   1  
8 Trout   4 6
9 Herrings   1 -
" Shrimps     6
10 Sole        
        11   

 

[p. 38]

1877        
Aug 11 Smelts   2 6
  Ice   1  
13 Ice   1  
14 Salmon   2 6
16 Bloater   1 -
  Mullet   3 -
17 Herrings          
        12  -   

 

[p. 39]

1877        
Aug 18 Shrimp     3
" Brill   5  
" Lobster   4 6
20 Lobster   4 -
21 Salmon   6 -
" Ice   1  
" Lobster   4 6
23 Sole   1 6
24 Ice          
    1.   7.   9.  

 

[p. 40]

1877        
Aug 25 Oyster   2  
28 Ice   1  
29 Sole   1 6
31[25]  Cod        
    -       

 

[p. 41]

1877 Abstract      
  bro[ugh]t forward: 14 18 1
Jany 1   1 6 3
8     12 6
17   1 12 -
26     3 6
Feby 9   2 18 6
23   2 3 11
Mar. 1     6 9
8     16 4
15   1 18 6
23   1 1 9.
30   1 6 6
Apr 5.     5 6
12     13 6
20     16 10
26   1 5 -
May 5     14 9
18         9   
  for[war]d: - 33.  9.  11 

 

[p. 42]

1877 ford.: - 33 9 11
May 25     18 3.
31   1 14 -
June 8     9 3.
16   1 1 -
22     1 6.
28     11 -
July 6     16 1
20     14 6
Aug 4   1 9 10.
10     11 3
17     12 -
24   1 7 9.
31          
  £ 44.  13.   

 

[p. 43]

1877        
Sept. 1 Lobster   4  
4 Salmon        
           
         
8 Sole   2  
19 Mullet   3  
11 Cod        
    -       

 

[p. 44]

1877        
Sept 15[26]  Mackl.   1  
  Salmon   3 6
  Lobster   4  
  Ice   1  
17 Herrings     6
18 Sole   2 3
  Kipper   1  
  Shrimps     6
  Oyster   6  
  Ice   1  
20 Mackl          
    1.   1.   

 

[p. 45]

1877        
Sept 24 Bloater   1  
25 Whitgs   3  
" Ice   1  
26 Oyster   4  
" Oyster   2  
" Lobster     6
" Oyster   4  
28 Sole          
    -    17   

 

[p. 46]

1877        
Sept 29 Lobster   3 6
Oct. 1 Mackl.     8
2 Cod   2 6
3 [Dd Hadd?]   1  
5 Haddock          
    -    9.   8.  

 

[p. 47]

1877        
Oct 6[27]  Dd Crab   4 6
" Oyster   4 -
" Ice   1  
8 Oyster   2 6
" Turbot   2 6
10 Salmon   3 -
11 Ice   1 -
12 [Hadd?]   4 -
  [D Hadd?][28]           
      3.    

 

[p. 48]

1877        
Oct 17 Bloater   1 -
19 Ice   2 -
  Lobster          
    -    5   

 

[p. 49]

1877        
Oct 20 Shrimp     6
23 Whitgs   3 -
" Herrings   1 -
" Ice   1 -
24 Oyster   2 -
25 Turbot   3 6
" Ice   1  
26 Oyster[29]           
    -    16  -   

 

[p. 50]

1877        
Oct 27 Lobster   2 6
" [D Hadd?]   1  
29 Mullet   1  
30 D Salmon   2 6
31 Sole   1  
Nov. 1[30]  Cod -   5 -
2 Herrings          
        14  -   

 

[p. 51]

1877        
Nov 3[31]  Sole   2 3
" Lobster   4 -
" Sole   1 6
" Oyster   2 -
6 Bloater   1  
8 Sole   1  
9 Cod          
        12  9   

 

[p. 52]

1877        
Nov. 10 Lobster   4  
" Shrimp     6
14 Sprats[32]      6
15 Mackl        9   
    -    5 -  9   

 

[p. 53]

1877        
Nov 17 Dd Crab   4 -
19 [D Hadd?]   1  
21 [Hadd?]   2  
23[33]  Oyster   4  
  Sole   2 3
  [Hall?]   1  
  Ice          
    -    15   

 

[p. 54]

1877        
Novr 24[34]  Lobster   6 -
28 Sole[35]    2 3
" D Hadd   1 -
" Ice     6
29 Cod[36]    2 -
" Oyster -   1  
30 Bloater -          
    -    13 -  9 -  

 

[p. 55]

1877        
Dec 1[37]  Whitgs   1  
" Oyster   2  
" Ice   1  
3 Cod   2  
6 Salmon[38]    2 6
7 D Hadd.   1  
8[39]  Whitgs   3 -
" Sole   2  
" Oyster   4 -
11 Sole   1 6
12 Bloater   1 -
13[40]  Mullet          
        -   

 

[p. 56]

1877        
Dec 15 D Hadd   1  
" 17[41]  Cod   2  
" Hadd.   1 6
" Ice     6
19 Bloater   1 -
21 Whitgs   1 4
22 Shrimps.          
    -       

 

[p. 57]

1877        
Dec 27[42]  Salmon   4 6
" D Hadd   1  
" Ice     6
29 Cod   2  
" Shrimps     6
31 Salmon          
        12   

 

[p. 58]

1877 Abstract      
  Bt ford.: - 44 13 4
Sept 4     7 6
11     7 6
20   1 1 6
28     17 6
Oct 5     9 8
12   1 3 6
19     5 -
26     16 -
Nov. 2     14 -
9     12 9
16     5 9
23     15 3
30     13 9
Dec 13   1 3 -
22     8 4
31       12   
  £ 55   6  10 

 

[p. 59]

1878        
Jany 1 Salmon   3 6
2 Bloater   1 -
4 Oyster   2 -
" Whitgs   3  
" Ice     6
5 Sole   5 -
6 D Hadd[43]      9
" Ice     6
11 Cod        
        19   

 

[p. 60]

1878        
Jany 12 Whitgs   1  
" Sole   1 9
14 [D Hadd?]   1 6
" Ice   1 6
16 Haddock   1 9
" P Shrimps[44]    3 -
18 Bloaters          
        11   

 

[p. 61]

1878        
Jany 19 Lobster   4 6
  Ice     6
21 Soles   1 -
22 Turbot   4 6
" D Hadd   1  
25 Cod          
    -    12.  6.  

 

[p. 62]

1878        
Jany 26 Dd Crab   4 6
" Ice   1 6
28 Bloater   1 -
29 Cod   2 -
31 Mackl[45]    1 6
Feby 1 Soles     1     
    -    12  -   
         
2 Salmon[46]    12  
  Ice   1 6
  Lobster   5 -
6 D Hadd   1 -
7 Mack   1 -
8 Bloater       -   
      1.   

 

[p. 63]

1878        
Feby 9 Lobster   6 -
  Shrimps     6
12[47]  Salmon   5 -
  Ice     6
13 Cod   3 6
15 D Had          
        16   
         
16 D Crab   5 -
  Oyster   3 -
18 Bloater   1 6
21 D Hadk   1 -
22 Turbot   3 -
  Ice         
        14  -   

 

[p. 64]

1878        
Feb 25 Oysters   3 -
  Shrimps   3 -
26 Salmon   7 -
28 Bloaters        
        14   
         
Mar 2 Ice   1 6
  Oysters   2 -
  Lobster   4 -
6 Salt Fish   2 8
7 Dd Had        
        11   
         
9 Dd Crab   4 6
  Prawns   2 -
12 Dd Had        
        7   

 

[p. 65]

1878        
Mar 16 Soles   2 6
  Oysters   3 9
  Shrimps   3 -
18 Salmon   3 9
  Bloaters   1 6
20 Sole       -   
        17   
         
23 Oysters   2 6
  Dd Crab   5 -
27[48]  Cod   7 -
29 D Had       -   
        15   

 

[p. 66]

1878        
Mar 30 Sole   5 -
  Mack   1 6
  Pk'd Shrimps   3 -
31 Oysters   4 6
Apl 1 Dd Had   1 3
2 Mack   1 -
3 Shrimps       -   
        19   
         
6 Sole   3 -
  Oysters   3 9
  Ice   2 -
  Mack   1 6
8 Sole[49]    3 -
9 Shrimps   1 6
10 Whitgs   1 -
  D Had     6
11 Cod       -   
        17   

 

[p. 67]

1878        
Apl 13 Pk'd Shrimps   3 -
  Mack   1 3
  Red H[errin]g's   1 6
  Oysters   3 -
15 Whitgs   2 -
17 Cod   1 -
18 Salmon[50]    4 -
  Ice   1 6
19 Salt Fish        
        19   

 

[p. 68]

1878        
Apl 20 Mack   1 -
  Oysters   3 -
  Shrimps   1 3
  Ice   - 6
22 Sole   2 9
[24?] D Hadd   1 -
26 [Hall?]       -   
        10   

 

[p. 69]

1878        
Apl 27 Soles   4 6
  Oysters   4 6
  Ice     6
28 Oysters   4 6
29 D Hadd   1 -
May 1 Sole   1 9
2 Shrimps   1 6
3 Soles       -   
  £      

 

[p. 70]

1878        
May 4 D Hadd   1  
  Dd Crab   5 -
  Ice   1  
6 Mack   1  
7 Bloaters        
           

 

[p. 71]

1878        
June [sic] 11 Mackl   1 6
May P Shrimps   2 6
13 Salmon   3 9
16 Soles   2 6
  D Hadd   1  
18 Sole   1 6
  Lobster   1 6
  Ice     6
21 Shrimps   1 6
23 Mack   1  
26 Sole   2 6
  P Shrimps   2 6
  Lobster   2 6
  Ice   1 6
29 D Hadd        
         

 

[p. 72]

1878        
June 1 Dd Crab   4 6
  Sole   2 6
  P Shrimps     6
  Ice   1 6
5 Bloaters     6
9 Dd Crab   5 -
  Sole   2 6
  Ice   1 6
11 Bloaters     6
13 D Hadd   1  
14 [Hall?]   1  
15 Sole   2 6
15 Lobster   2 9
  Ice   1 6
18 Bloaters     9
20 Mack   1 0
20 Ice   1  
21 [Hall?]          
  £   11   

 

[p. 73]

1878        
June 22 Sole   2 6
  Lobster   3 9
  Ice   1 3
24 Bloater   - 6
25 Ice   1  
26 "   1  
28 Hall.          
        11  -   

 

[p. 74]

1878        
June 29 Bloaters     6
  Ice     6
July 2 Trout   3  
4 Shrimps   1 6
5 Hall          
           

 

[p. 75]

1878        
July 6 Lobster   1  
8 Soles   1  
10 Dd Hdk   1  
12 [Hall?]          
          -   

 

[p. 76]

1878        
July 15 Bloaters   1  
19 [Hall?]   1  
  Shrimps     6
  Dd. Hadd          
        3   

 

[p. 77]

1878        
July 23 Ice   1  
24 Bloaters     6
26 [Hall?]       -   
        2   

 

[p. 78]

1878        
July 27 Ice     6
  Crab   5 -
Aug 2 [Hall?]       -   
           

 

[p. 79]

1878        
Aug 3 Salmon   9  
  Shrimps     6
  Ice     6
5 "   1 6
9 [Hall?]          
        12   

 

[p. 80]

1878        
Aug 11 Salmon   8 9
  Lobster   4 6
12 Bloater     6
16 [Hall?]          
        14   

 

[p. 81]

1878        
Aug 23 [Hall?]   1  
28 Ice     6
29 [Blips?]   2 -
  Bloaters     6
  Ice     6
30 [Hall?]          
        5   

 

[p. 82]

1878        
Sep 3 Salmon   2 6
4 [Hall?]   1  
6 "   1  
7 Lobster   4  
  Ice     6
11 Bloaters     6
13 [Hall?]       -   
        10   

 

[p. 83]

1878        
Sep 14 Lobster   4 6
18 Sole   2 -
20 [Hall?]       -   
           

 

[p. 84]

1878        
To amount        
brought from        
Old Pass Book        
to September        
1878   £76 6 9

 

[p. 85]

1878        
Sep 28[51]  Oysters   4  
  Soles   2 6
  Ice     6
29 Lobsters   8  
39 Haddock        
        17   

 

[p. 86]

1878        
Nov. 2 Prawns   3  
  Mackl   1  
  Ice     6
3 Lobsters   8  
7 Soles   2 3
  Dd. Hadk.       -   
        15   
         
Nov. 13 Cod        

 

[p. 87]

1878        
Nov 16 Ice   1 6
  Sole   3 6
  Dressed Crab   5 -
  Bloaters   1 -
19 Sole   2 9
21 Mackl   1 3
22 Oysters[52]    5  
  Soles   4 6
  Ice        
  £     -   

 

[p. 88]

1878        
Sep [sic] 23[53]  Bloaters   1  
25 Cod   2  
27 Had          
          -   

 

[p. 89]

Abstract       
To Dec 1878 55 6 10
    19 -
    11 6
    12 6
    12 -
  1 1 6
    16 3
    14 -
    14 6
    11 5
    7 9
    17 6
    15 6
    19 3
    17 3
    19 9
    10 6
       
Forward 68  9.   

 

[p. 90]

1878 Abstract fwd 68 9 3
      9 6
    1 7 9
    1 11 6
      11 -
      6 6
      4 -
      3 6
      2 6
      6 6
      12 6
      14 9
      5 6
      10 6
      7 6
          -   
Carried £ 76     
to New Pass Book -

 


This document is protected by copyright.


Notes:

1.  December 1878
The ledger contains JW's long account at the fishmongers, starting on 31 July 1876 and ending in December 1878.

2.  John S. Charles
John S. Charles (fl. 1876-1887), fishmonger in Pimlico, London [more].

3.  MsD
JW was declared bankrupt on 6 May 1879. This bill came with his bankruptcy papers to James Anderson Rose (1819-1890), solicitor [more].

4.  July 31
The date of JW's purchases at the fishmonger's helps to date the carefully written menus that he wrote out, at times almost daily, for 'breakfasts' and dinners. For instance, mullet appeared on the menu for dinner on 31 July [1876] (#06898).

5.  Whitgs
The abbreviations commonly used are 'Whitgs' for whitings; 'Mack' or 'Mackl' for mackerel; 'D' for Dressed, as in dressed crab. To preserve the appearance of the account book, these have been transcribed as written.

6.  17
Salmon was on the menu for 17 August 1876 (#06899) and sole on the following day (#06900). These were not necessarily lavish dinners, but might have included friends. Some of the smaller items purchased could have been for the family or servants dining alone.

7.  1876
Written over '1877'.

8.  Augt. 28
Sole was on the menu for 28 August [1876] (#06926).

9.  16
On 13 September 1876 JW had invited S. Tucker for Sunday breakfast (#05862). On 16 September A. S. Cole recorded the occasion in his diary (#12986; Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 189.)

10.  Sept. 26
Fried whiting and oyster soup appeared on the menu the following day, 27 September [1876] (#06854).

11.  Sprats?
Smelts appeared on one menu dated 20 October (#06848) but the word is largely illegible and this may not be for the same meal.

12.  1876
Written over '1877'.

13.  Nov 18
Oyster soup and whiting fish-balls appeared on the menu for 18 November [1876] (#06901).

14.  Dec 18
Oysters appear on a menu dated 18 December which may be in 1876 (#02813).

15.  Mackl
This was an amazing amount of mackerel to buy, and implies that a large party of guests were to be fed on it. With such an obliging fishmonger they hardly needed to salt mackerel away for the winter.

16.   3
Herrings appeared on a menu for 3 January [1877] (#06905).

17.  Turbot
This amount of an expensive fish suggests that JW was entertaining guests to dinner.

18.  8
Sole appeared on the menu for 8 January [1877] (#06906).

19.  Oyster
Oysters, but no cod, appeared on a menu dated 1 February, so it may not be the menu for that day in 1877 (#06872). However, it is apparent from the size of the bills from late January through February 1877 that JW was both eating well and entertaining lavishly.

20.  Mar 1
A menu dated 1 March (#06912) includes fried sole, but also oysters which were not on this bill, and it does appear from the butterfly signature to date from earlier, possibly 1876.

21.  Natives
'Natives' and 'Bognor' were different sorts of oysters.

22.  March 17
A menu dated 17 March contains salmon, but also whiting which does not figure on this bill, and it has been dated slightly earlier [1876?] (#06882).

23.  June 2
The lobster was probably made into the shellfish soup ('bisque') that figured on a menu dated 2 June [1877] (#06894).

24.  June 9
On 7 June 1877 JW invited Stephen Isaacson Tucker (1835-1887), collector, genealogist and Queen's Herald [more], to 'breakfast' the following Sunday (#09468). Judging by the weeks' lavish purchases lobster and salmon would have been on the menu.

25.  31
Fried cod appeared on a menu dated 31 August [1877] (#06853).

26.  Sept 15
Salmon appears on a menu dated 15 September [1877], but neither lobster nor mackerel were mentioned (#06950).

27.  Oct 6
On 6 October 1877 JW invited Walter Theodore Watts (later Watts-Dunton) (1832-1914), solicitor, novelist and poet [more], to breakfast on Sunday (#07364).

28.  D Had?
A menu dated 12 October [1877] included 'merluche', which indicates that one of these two, practically illegible, words may read 'Hake'.

29.  Oyster
A menu dated 26 October included 'Kramouskis' which were a Russian oyster savoury. However, it also included mackerel, which did not appear on the fishmonger's account, so the menu may not date from 1877 (#06935).

30.  Nov. 1
A menu dated 31 October included sole; one for 1 November, cod; and 2 November, herrings, suggesting that JW really was writing out a menu every day (#06936, #06937, #06939). He was not necessarily entertaining guests, although a letter inviting Charles Augustus ('Owl') Howell (1840? - d.1890), entrepreneur [more], to dinner in November 1877 mentioned James Anderson Rose (1819-1890), solicitor [more], and Mrs Rose as guests (#02182). It is ironic that the costs of such entertainments contributed to JW's bankruptcy, which was handled by Rose.

31.  Nov 3
A menu dated 3 November [1877] included fried sole and lobster 'rissoles' (#06938).

32.  Sprats
A menu dated 14 November [1877] included 'éperlans frits', or fried sprats, a very economical dish (#06941).

33.  23
A menu dated 23 November [1877] included oyster soup and fried sole (#06902).

34.  Novr 24
JW entertained A. S. Cole to dinner on 24 November 1877. A. S. Cole recorded in his diary for 24 November 1877: 'Went to Whistler's, met Sir Garnet Wolseley. Whistler etched him - got two first proofs, second one touched, 42s. Met Pellegrini and Godwin.' Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, I, p. 195. The etching referred to was Lord Wolseley (K.164). The guests were Alan Summerly Cole (1846-1934), textile expert and museum official [more], Edward William Godwin (1833-1886), architect and designer [more], Carlo Pellegrini (1839-1889), alias 'Ape', cartoonist for Vanity Fair, designer and lithographer [more], and Garnet Joseph Wolseley (1833-1913), 1st Viscount Wolseley, army officer [more]. There is a menu dated 24 November, which may relate to this meal, but it does not include the expensive lobster which appeared in the fishmonger's accounts (#06942).

35.  Sole
Sole figured on a menu dated 28 November [1877] (#06945).

36.  Cod
Cod appeared on the menu for 29 November [1877] (#06946).

37.  Dec 1
Both whiting and oysters were on the menu for 1 December [1877] (#06947).

38.  Salmon
Salmon did not figure on a menu dated 6 December [1877] unless 'Purée à l'Ecossaise' was a salmon paté ! (#06948).

39.  8
Oyster soup and fried sole appeared on a menu dated 8 December [1877] (#06903).

40.  13
Mullet was on the menu for 13 December [1877] (#06955).

41.  17
'Merluche' (hake or dried cod) was on the menu for 17 December [1877] (#06956).

42.  Dec 27
JW had salmon on the menu on 27 December, and salmon steaks on 31 December [1877] (#06949, #06904).

43.  D Hadd
Although they figure repeatedly in the accounts, these words are not clear. They may stand for dressed or dried haddock.

44.  P Shrimps
Potted or pickled shrimps.

45.  Mackl
The frequently used abbreviations include Mack or mackl for mackerel, and 'D' for dressed. as in dressed crab. 'Hadd' may be haddock. Mackerel figured on a menu dated 31 January [1878] (#06957).

46.  Salmon
Salmon in Hollandaise sauce was on a menu dated 2 February [1878] but the lobster did not appear until 4 February, by which time it had become a 'gateau de Homard' (#06958, #06959).

47.  12
Salmon appeared again on a menu dated 12 February [1878] (#06960).

48.  27
In his diary, A. S. Cole described dinner with JW on 27 March 1878 (Pennell, Elizabeth Robins, and Joseph Pennell, The Life of James McNeill Whistler, 2 vols, London and Philadelphia, 1908, vol. 1, p. 189; #12986).

49.  Sole
Sole appeared on a menu dated 8 April [1878] (#06953).

50.  Salmon
Salmon appeared on a menu dated 18 April, which may date from 1877 or 1878 (#06887).

51.  Sep 28
A menu dated 28 September included oysters and may date from 1878 (#06954).

52.  Oysters
The sole and oysters bought on 22 November appeared on a menu dated 23 November, which may date from 1878 (#10617).

53.  Sep [sic] 23
This should read November.