The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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System Number: 02178
Date: [6-25 November 1877][1]
Author: Charles Augustus Howell[2]
Place: [London]
Recipient: JW
Place: [London]
Repository: Glasgow University Library
Call Number: MS Whistler H275
Document Type: AD[3]

Due to J. A. McNeill Whistler.
6. Nov.    
  Nude figure. "Tillie"[4] - £ 4. 4. 0 -
  St. Catherines Wharf. (2)[5] -
  Penny Passengers[6].
  Miss Franklin in hat standing[7] -
  The Little Mast[8].
25. Oct.    
  Fosco[9] . 2. 12. 6.
  Little Widow[10] -
  Leylands steamer[11] -
  St. Catherine's Wharf.
28. Oct.    
  Evening Repose. Miss Franklin -[12] 2. 12. 6 -
  Billings gate[13].
9. Nov.    
  Mrs. Leyland Senr.[14] 1. 1. 0.
  Steamboats laid up[15] - 2. 2. 0.
  Mrs. Whistler[16] - 3. 3 .0.
  Miss Dawson Sitting[17] - 3. 3. 0.
11. Nov.    
  Annie standing[18]. 2. 2. 0.
  Irving (2)[19]. 3. 3. 0.
  Pensioner[20] - 1. 1. 0.
  Fanny reading D. P.[21]    10. 6.
  Draped figure sitting [22] (2). 2. 2. 0 -
  The Forge [23] (2) - 6. 6. 0 -
  Nov 14. D P. Head[24] -  
15. Nov -    
  Wych Street [25] (2) - 7. 70. 0.
  Under bridge[26]
  Smithfield[27] -
  Encampment[28] -
  Maud in Arm Chair[29] (2) D. P.
  The touched proof[30]  


[p. 2, top left corner of page missing]    
  [...] 1. 1. 0.
  [Wy]ch Street. 1. 1. 0.
  [F]anny Leyland with hat sitting[31] 1. 1. 0.
  Boy (Thibadeau)[32] 2. 2. 0.
  Odalisque[33] - 1. 1. 0.
  Fanny Leyland with Chair[34] -
  Heads various[35] - 1. 1. 0.
  Irving (2) - 1. 1. 0.
21. Nov.    
  Hastings shore[36] - 1. 1. 0.
  Sketch D. P. Is The standing baby Leyland[37]  
  Docks [38] 1. 1. 0.
  Little Maud (new head)[39] (2) - 4. 4- 0.
  Lindsay Houses[40] [sic]
24. Nov.    
  4. Flos[41] - 7. 7. 0.
  1. Swinburne[42] -
  (3) Undraped Ladies (1 Tillie)[43]
  Temple Bar[44] -
25. Nov -    
  (2) Sir Garnet Wolsey[45]  


This document is protected by copyright.


1.  [6-25 November 1877]
The accounts date from between 6 and 25 November 1877, when JW was printing and selling his etching plates with the assistance of Charles Augustus ('Owl') Howell (1840? - d.1890), entrepreneur [more]. The prints sold cover a considerable period, dating from 1858 to 1877. Some prints were priced individually but most were sold in groups, with the price written on the right.

2.  Charles Augustus Howell
The accounts were written in the hand of Charles Augustus ('Owl') Howell (1840? - d.1890), entrepreneur [more], and partially correspond to records of sales to him, kept in JW's ledger (#02178, #12740). However, they may include transactions in which he acted as intermediary with print dealers and collectors.

3.  AD
Although JW's name is on the sheet, it was entirely written by Charles Augustus ('Owl') Howell (1840? - d.1890), entrepreneur [more].

4.  Nude figure Tillie
Tillie: a model (K.117), a study of 'Tillie' Gilchrist, JW's model, who may have been Mrs Matilda Gilchrist (b. 1828 or 1829), mother of Connie Gilchrist [more].

5.  St. Catherines Wharf (2)
No etching is known by this title. The number '2' added after a title probably means that JW sold Howell two impressions of an etching. This tends to confirm the impression that he was acting as a dealer.

6.  Penny Passengers
The Penny Boat (K.67).

7.  Miss Franklin in hat standing
There are several portraits of Mary Maud Franklin (1857- ca 1941), JW's model and mistress [more]. This could have been Maude, Standing (K.114) or possibly A Lady wearing a hat with a feather (K.130).

8.  The Little Mast
Despite the title, this may have been Shipbuilder's Yard (K.146) rather than The Little Mast (K.185), which was etched in Venice in 1880.

9.  Fosco
Fosco (K.99), JW's only male nude portrait.

10.  Little Widow
The Scotch Widow (K.142).

11.  Leylands steamer
Possibly Shipping at Liverpool (K.94), Steamboats off the Tower (K.149) or Sketch of Ships (K.151).

12.  Evening Repose. Miss Franklin.
Possibly Maude, Seated (K.115), The Desk (K.133) or A Lady at a Window (K.138).

13.  Billings gate
Probably Billingsgate (K.47a) rather than A Sketch from Billingsgate (K.168).

14.  Mrs. Leyland Senr.
F.R.Leyland's Mother (K.103). JW's record of this transaction records this and the subsequent three etchings sold to Howell on 9 November (#12738).

15.  Steamboats laid up
Possibly Steamboats off the Tower (K.149) or Steamboat Fleet (K.156).

16.  Mrs. Whistler
Whistler's Mother (K.97).

17.  Miss Dawson sitting
Elizabeth Dawson (b. 1850), sister of Frances Leyland, and (briefly) JW's fiancée [more]; she probably posed for Tatting (K.112).

18.  Annie standing
Possibly Annie (K.10) which was published in 1858, but more likely the large plate of Annie Haden (K.62). The sale of this and the subsequent five etchings to Howell on 11 November was also recorded in #12738.

19.  Irving (2)
There are two versions of the etching of Irving, Irving as Philip of Spain, No.1 (K.170) and Irving as Philip of Spain, No.2 (K.171).

20.  Pensioner
Greenwich Pensioner (K.34).

21.  Fanny reading D. P.
Possibly Reading a book (K.111). 'D. P.', used to define several etchings, probably means 'drypoint' rather than 'destroyed plate'.

22.  Draped figure sitting
Possibly Seated Girl (K.118).

23.  The Forge
The Forge (K.68) or The Little Forge (K.147).

24.  Head
This was probably a self-portrait such as Early Portrait of Whistler (K.7) or Whistler with the white lock (K.172), since no other portraits showed the head alone, and most sitters were identified by name.

25.  Wych Street
Wych Street (K.159).

26.  Under bridge
Probably London Bridge (K.153) rather than Under Old Battersea Bridge (K.176), which dates from about 1878.

27.  Smithfield
Little Smithfield (K.160).

28.  Encampment
Encamping (K.82).

29.  Maud in Arm Chair
Possibly The Desk (K.133).

30.  The touched proof
In the early 1870s JW often worked on proofs of his drypoints and etchings in pen, pencil or wash, indicating proposed alterations to be made in a later state. Each impression printed by the artist was unique, but the additional individuality of both artists' and touched proofs made them of particular interest to collectors, and thus attracted higher prices. Several etchings of Maud, in particular, were touched in this way. This line has been added in pencil.

31.  Fanny Leyland with hat sitting
Fanny Leyland (1857-1880), later Mrs Stevenson-Hamilton [more], posed for several portraits. Although she looks surprisingly mature, this may be The Muff (K.113). In another version of the list in JW's ledger (#12740), which includes this and the four subsequent etchings, this is listed as 'Little Fannie Leyland'.

32.  Boy (Thibadeau)
The Boy (K.135), a portrait of Charles James Whistler Hanson (1870-1935), engineer, son of JW and Louisa Fanny Hanson [more]. This impression may have been bought, or just possibly printed, by Alphonse Wyatt Thibeaudau (ca 1840 - d.1892), print dealer [more]. This line has been lightly scored out in pencil. In the second version of the list, in JW's ledger (#12740), this is listed as 'Boy from Thibadeau'.

33.  Odalisque
Possibly The Model lying down (K.121), showing a draped model on a sofa surrounded with oriental fans.

34.  Fanny Leyland with chair
Fanny Leyland (K.108).

35.  Heads various
Possibly Ratcliffe Highway (K.80). Portrait Sketches (K.101) and Sketch of heads (K.104) are known only in their cancelled state.

36.  Hastings shore
Either Fishing-Boats, Hastings (K.158) or possibly The Beach (K.116). This and the four following etchings correspond to five etchings marked as printed and sold to or through Howell on 21 November 1877, in JW's ledger (#12740).

37.  The standing baby Leyland
Elinor Leyland (K.109). 'Sketch D. P' probably means that it was an early impression of the drypoint. Elinor Leyland (1861-1952), later Mrs Speed [more], was often referred to by JW as 'Babs' or 'Baby Leyland'. These words have been added in pencil.

38.  Docks
Not identified. There are several possibilities including Two Ships (K.148).

39.  Little Maud (new head)
This may mean a small portrait of Maud Franklin, either Reading a book (K.111), Maude, Seated (K.115) or The Desk (K.133).

40.  Lindsay Houses
Lindsey Houses (K.166).

41.  4 Flos -
Florence Leyland (K.110).

42.  1. Swinburne
Swinburne (K.136), a portrait of Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909), poet and critic [more].

43.  (3) Undraped Ladies (1 Tillie)
This probably means that JW sold three etchings of nudes, one of which was Tillie: a model (K.117). JW's earliest etched nude, Venus (K.59), dates from 1859. Most of his nudes, however, are drypoints, dating from about 1873-75: including Nude Woman Standing (K.123), Nude Girl, Reclining (K.126), Nude Figure Posing (K.127), Nude Girl Standing (K.128), and Nude Girl with arms raised (K.129).

44.  Temple Bar
Temple Bar (K.162).

45.  Sir Garnet Wolsey
Lord Wolseley (K.164), a portrait of Garnet Joseph Wolseley (1833-1913), 1st Viscount Wolseley, army officer [more].