The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler

return to surnames beginning with ''

Louise Caroline Alberta [none], 1848-1939

Nationality: English
Date of Birth: 1848.03.18
Place of Birth: Kensington, London
Date of Death: 1939.12.03
Place of Death:


Princess Louise Caroline Alberta was the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. She was a sculptor. In 1871 she married Sir John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, the Marquess of Lorne, who was the eldest son of George Douglas, the eighth Duke of Argyll, and Lady Elizabeth Georgiana Sutherland Leveson-Gower, the eldest daughter of the second Duke of Sutherland. She became the Duchess of Argyll in 1900. She had no children and her husband was succeeded by his nephew Niall Diarmid Campbell.


Princess Louise was a pupil of the sculptor J. E. Boehm. She was on friendly terms with JW. In the mid-1870s her name was include in a list by JW that may have been for a private view of JW's 1874 Pall Mall exhibition or a subscription list for JW's Venice etchings as proposed in 1876 (#12714). She visited JW's Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room (YMSM 178), and apparently talked of its 'gorgeous loveliness' (#03172). In 1878 JW sent her a proof of Arrangement in Grey and Black, No. 2: Portrait of Thomas Carlyle (YMSM 137), which had been engraved by Richard Josey (1840-1906), reproductive engraver [more], and published by H. Graves and Co., the Princess having requested a copy of the original (#03589). In the same year JW complained to her about the problems he was having getting permission from the Board of Works for the building of his White House, designed by E. W. Godwin. JW recorded that 'she greatly sympathized - and I made a grand stroke! I said that if her Royal Highness would only drive past and say how beautiful she thought the house that of course that would put an end to the whole trouble - She laughed saying that she didn't believe her influence was [as] strong as that! but afterwards said in a reflective way that 'Lorne knows Sir James I think...'' (#01746).

In 1878 Princess Louise accompanied her husband to Canada, he having been appointed Governor-General of Canada (#00510). She visited JW before her departure and he wished them well and gave her a little sketch of Chelsea as a reminder of him (#03572). In Canada Princess Louise and her husband met Oscar Wilde who was on a lecturing tour (#09546). They returned to Britain in 1883.

In 1886 JW invited Princess Louise and her husband to attend the private view of the Society of British Artists' winter exhibition (#02636). The following year he attempted to persuade her to submit a drawing of her own to the Sociey's exhibition (#02637). JW was very concerned as to what Princess Louise thought of his own art, and in the mid to late 1880s he attempted to counter charges of eccentricity, giving her a Nocturne as a gift. He described her as having been 'most gracious and indulgent' in her 'protection' (#02635).


Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford, 2004.