UNIVERSITY of GLASGOW

The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler

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Chariclea Anthea Euterpe Dannreuther, 1844-1923

Nationality: English
Date of Birth: 1844.02.23
Place of Birth: London
Date of Death: 1923.08.23
Place of Death: Hastings

Identity:

Chariclea Anthea Euterpe Ionides was the daughter of the Greek merchant and collector Alexander Constantine Ionides and his wife Euterpe. Her siblings included Aglaia, Constantine, Loucas (Luke) and Alexander (Alecco). She married the pianist and conductor Edward Dannreuther in 1871.

Life:

Chariclea was brought up in the cosmopolitan environment of Tulse Hill, and, from 1864, 1 Holland Park, London, with their constant flux of artist, musician and writer visitors. Guests included George Frederic Watts, Alphonse Legros and the musicians Figdor Joachim and his nephew Joseph. Legros made five attempts at painting Chariclea's portrait but gave up and painted Alecco instead in 1864.

On her marriage to Edward Dannreuther, Chariclea came to live at 12 Orme Square, London. Her father had only permitted the marriage after Edward had reached an annual income of £1,000.

Edward Dannreuther, a friend of Hans Richter, the first conductor of Wagner's Ring Cycle at Bayreuth in 1876, was London's leading promoter of Wagner. He was founder of the London Wagner society and a dedicatee of Henri Fantin-Latour's Wagnerian lithographs. In 1876 Wagner stayed with the Dannreuther's at Orme Square. Edward Dannreuther had been a classmate of Sir Arthur Sullivan in Leipzig from 1859 to 1863, studying under Moscheles, Hauptmann and Richter. He made his debut as a pianist at the Crystal Palace in 1863, taught at the Royal Academy of Music and with Sir Arthur Sullivan campaigned for revision of the copyright law in favour of composers. He was among those who attended a mesmeric session at D.G. Rossetti's home along with JW, George Price Boyce, F. R. Leyland, J. E. Boehm and Luke Ionides on 27 July 1870.

In 1877 the architect Philip Webb was commissioned to work on the Dannreuther's studio at Orme Square. In the early 1890s they settled in Hastings with Alexander Ionides senior in Windycroft, two regency cottages turned into a single house. It was decorated with William Morris wallpapers, and boasted a Roman hall with a marble mosaic floor, light fittings by W. A. S. Benson and pictures by Rosa Bonheur, Fantin-Latour and JW.

Bibliography:

Dannreuther Papers, Hastings Museum; Butterworth, Dorothea, Ionides Family Tree, [privately published], 1936; Druick, Douglas, and Michel Hoog, Fantin-Latour, Paris, 1982; Metaxas, K. H., 'The Ionides: a Greek family in Britain: family tree', The Greek Gazette, December 1995; Dakers, Caroline, The Holland Park Circle: Artists and Victorian Society, New Haven and London, 1999; http://www.familysearch.org (accessed 2004.09).