Andrew Chatto was a member of the publishing firm of Messrs. Chatto & Windus. He was the son of the writer of miscellanies William Andrew Chatto (1799-1864) and Margaret Chatto, daughter of Luke Birch of Cornhill, London. They had five sons (Andrew was the third), and three daughters.
The firm of Messrs. Chatto & Windus was founded in London in 1855 by John Camden Hotten, and published fiction and general literature. It was notable for the quality of its book designs. Andrew Chatto worked with the firm from the age of fifteen, and, at Hotten's death in 1873, took over the business, buying it from Hotten's widow for £25,000. He became partners with William Edward Windus and later Percy Spalding in 1876. He was known as an aggressive but fair publisher who acted as his own reader. Chatto & Windus issued its first catalogue in July 1874 and bought Belgravia in 1876. The firm's authors included Wilkie Collins, Walter Besant, Ouida, Charles Reade, R. L. Stevenson and Anthony Trollope.
In 1878-9 and 1888 Andrew Chatto was in correspondence with JW concerning the publication of Whistler, James McNeill, Whistler v. Ruskin: Art and Art Critics, London, 1878 and Whistler, James McNeill, Mr. Whistler's 'Ten O'clock', London, 1888 [#11112, #09047].
Warner, O., Chatto & Windus: A Brief Account of the Firm's Origin, History and Development, London, 1973; Dictionary of National Biography Online, Oxford University Press, 1997; Gasson, Andrew, Wilkie Collins: An Illustrated Guide, Oxford, 1998.