The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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Madeline Caroline Frances Eden Wyndham, 1835-1920

Nationality: English
Date of Birth: 1835
Place of Birth:
Date of Death: 1920
Place of Death:


Madeline Caroline Frances Eden Campbell, artist, was the daughter of Sir Guy Campbell, 1st Baronet and Pamela Fitzgerald. She married the Hon. Percy Wyndham in 1860. They had five children: George (b. 1863); Guy Percy (b. 1865); Madeline (1869-1941), later Mrs Adeane; Mary Constance (b. 1862), later Lady Elcho; and Pamela (b. 1871), later Mrs Tennant.


Madeline Wyndham was an artist in enamels, embroidery and watercolour. She and her husband were the core of the bohemian group formed in the 1880s, known as the 'Souls'. The Countess of Warwick wrote: 'this little coterie of "Souls" loved literature and art, and perhaps were more pagan than soulful'. The three Wyndham daughters were known as the 'Three Graces' of the Souls. E. Burne-Jones was the painter closest to this aristocratic group.

The Wyndhams owned Nocturne: Grey and Gold - Westminster Bridge (YMSM 145). They lived at Clouds House, East Knoyle, Wiltshire which was designed by Philip Webb between 1881 and 1885 and decorated by Morris and Co. They also had a house in London, at 44 Belgrave Square.


Dakers, Caroline, Clouds: Biography of a Country House, New Haven and London, 1993; Abdy, J. and Charlotte Gere, The Souls, London, 1984; Who's Who, London, 1905; Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, London, 1896.