The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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Hans Thoma, 1839-1924

Nationality: Austrian
Date of Birth: 1839.10.02
Place of Birth: Bernau
Date of Death: 1924.11.07
Place of Death: Carlsruhe


Hans Thoma was a portrait, genre, landscape and history painter, engraver and lithographer.


Thoma studied at the Kunstschule in Karlsruhe (1859-1866) and later at the Düsseldorf Akademie. The early influence of Courbet (whom he met in Paris in 1868) was later overtaken by a concern with mythology and symbolism and he became interested in the work of Arnold Böcklin. During the 1870s and 1880s, he worked in Frankfurt and Munich and enjoyed increasing success, becoming an honorary member of the Munich Akademie.

In 1892 he was invited to exhibit with the Munich Secessionists. This connection probably led to his invitation to exhibit with the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers in 1898 during JW's presidency.


Bénézit, E., Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, 8 vols, 1956-61; Ruhmer, Eberhard, 'Hans Thoma,' Grove Dictionary of Art Online, (accessed 17 August 2004).