James Runciman was a schoolmaster who later became a journalist.
The son of a coastguardsman, Runciman trained as a teacher with the British and Foreign School Society's Training College for Teachers and worked for the London School Board. From this position he established a career in journalism, becoming a contributor on social topics firstly for professional magazines and subsequently for Vanity Fair. In 1880 he became sub-editor of W. E. Henley's newspaper, London which had a rather brief existence. Runciman is remembered for his series of descriptive articles about seafaring life for the St James's Gazette.' The series was reprinted in 1883 as 'The Romance of the Coast.'
Dictionary of National Biography, on-line edition (accessed June 2004).