Philippe Rousseau was an animal, landscape and still-life painter.
Rousseau appears to have studied in the studios of Antoine-Jean Gros and Jean-Victor Bertin. He made his début at the Salon in 1834 with a View of Normandy (whereabouts unknown). In 1845 he was awarded a third-class medal for his still-lifes, and in 1847 Rousseau's debt to Chardin was recognised by Théophile Thoré (see Still-life with Oysters, National Gallery, London). His work was extremely popular and he received commissions from the State and patrons such as Princess Mathilde. He was created an officer of the Légion d'honneur in 1870.
Weisberg, G. P., and W. S. Talbot, Chardin and the Still-life Tradition in France, Cleveland, OH, 1979; Stevenson, Lesley, 'Philippe Rousseau', The Grove Dictionary of Art Online, ed. L. Macy, http://www.groveart.com (accessed 11 April 2003).