The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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Archibald David Reid, 1844-1908

Nationality: Scottish
Date of Birth: 1844
Place of Birth: Aberdeen
Date of Death: 1908.08.30
Place of Death: Aberdeen


Archibald David Reid was an Aberdeen landscape painter. He was the brother of the portrait painter and illustrator Sir George Reid and the landscape painter Samuel Reid.


Reid studied at the Royal Scottish Academy Schools and in Paris. His work was greatly influenced by the Dutch School in its grey tonality. He travelled to Holland, as well as France and Spain. However, he painted mainly Scottish coastal scenes, such as On the Sands and A Lone Shore. Aberdeen Museum owns a self-portrait of the artist.

From 1872 Reid exhibited in London at the Royal Academy, Royal Institute of Oil Painters, New English Art Club (a group with whom JW exhibited at their first show in 1888), Dudley Gallery, Dowdeswell Galleries, as well as at the Royal Scottish Academy, Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Water Colours, Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Manchester City Art Gallery and Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. In 1883 he was elected a member of the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Water Colours, in 1892 an associate of the Royal Scottish Academy and in 1898 a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters.

In 1889 Reid was among those included in the preliminary preparations for a meal to be held at the Criterion on 1 May in celebration of JW's honorary membership of the Royal Academy in Munich (#00631).


Bénézit, E., Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, 8 vols, Paris, 1956-61; Wood, Christopher, Dictionary of Victorian Painters, Woodbridge, 1971; Johnson, J., and A. Gruetzner, Dictionary of British Artists 1880-1940, Woodbridge, 1980.