The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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Edwin Hayes, 1819-1904

Nationality: English
Date of Birth: 1819.06.07
Place of Birth: Bristol
Date of Death: 1904.11.07
Place of Death: London


Edwin Hayes, a marine painter, was the father of Claude Hayes, a landscape and portrait painter.


Hayes painted seascapes mainly in watercolour but also in oils. His Sunset at Sea: from Harlyn Bar, Cornwall was bought by the Chantrey Bequest in 1894. He was elected an associate of the Royal Hibernian Academy in 1852 and a full member in 1861. In 1863 he was elected a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colour, having become an associate in 1860. He became a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters in 1883. From 1876 to 1904 he held membership at The Arts Club.

Hayes exhibited regularly in London with these groups, as well as with the Royal Academy from 1855 to 1904, and with the Grosvenor Gallery, New Gallery, Dowdeswell Galleries, Fine Art Society, Arthur Tooth and Sons Gallery and Society of British Artists, the latter society which elected JW its President in 1886. He also exhibited with the Royal Society of Artists in Birmingham, Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Royal Hibernian Academy, Royal Scottish Academy, Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Water Colours, Leicester Art Gallery, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Manchester City Art Gallery.

In 1882 both Hayes and JW signed a petition to The Arts Club committee requesting that, during the sitting of Parliament, Parliamentary and General Telegraphic dispatches should be sent to the Club (#13336). Hayes was amongst those proposed invitees to a dinner organised by W. C. Symons to congratulate JW on becoming an Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Munich, a dinner which was to be held at the Criterion in Piccadilly on 1 May 1889 (#05635).


Bénézit, E., Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, 8 vols, Paris, 1956-61; Wood, Christopher, Dictionary of Victorian Artists, Woodbridge, 1971; Johnson, J., and Anna Gruetzner, Dictionary of British Artists 1880-1940, Woodbridge, 1980.