The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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Alexander Kellock Brown, 1842 or 1849-1922

Nationality: Scottish
Date of Birth: 1842 or 1849.02.11
Place of Birth: Edinburgh
Date of Death: 1922.05.09
Place of Death: Lamlash, Arran


Alexander Kellock Brown was a landscape and flower painter and watercolourist. He was the brother of the decorator and sculptor Kellock Brown.


Brown studied at Haldane Academy in Glasgow, Glasgow School of Art and Heatherley's in London. In his youth he worked as a textile designer. His paintings were largely of Scottish scenes and like JW he was interested in moonlight effects. Influenced by James Docharty and the Hague School, he was active in the development of the 'wet' watercolour technique.

Brown exhibited in London at the Royal Academy, Royal Institute of Oil Painters, Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours, Dudley Gallery, Grosvenor Gallery, New Gallery, Dowdeswell Galleries, Arthur Tooth and Sons Gallery, Society of British Artists, a society that elected JW its President in 1886, and International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers, a society that formed in 1898 with JW as its President. He also exhibited at the Royal Society of Artists in Birmingham, Royal Scottish Academy, Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Water Colours, Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts, Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool and Manchester City Art Gallery. He was elected a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters and of the Royal Scottish Society of Painters in Water Colours in 1878. In 1892 he became an associate of the Royal Scottish Academy, and was elected a full member in 1908. He was the co-founder of the Scottish Artist's Benevolent Association, becoming its President until 1922. He was also President of the Glasgow Art Club.

Brown was among those Glasgow painters who in 1891 appended their names to a list requesting that the Corporation of Glasgow buy Arrangement in Grey and Black, No. 2: Portrait of Thomas Carlyle (YMSM 137) (#12326). In 1892 JW was approached by Mary Newton Mann about contributing a sketch to an album of watercolours and black and white drawings in order to raise 400 guineas for Queen Margaret College in Glasgow. Brown was among those who had already promised his assistance (#03987).


Johnson, J. and A. Greutzner, Dictionary of British Artists 1880-1940, Woodbridge, 1980; McEwan, Peter J. M., Dictionary of Scottish Art and Architecture, Woodbridge, 1994.