The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler
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George Hendrik Breitner, 1857-1923

Nationality: Dutch
Date of Birth: 1857.09.12
Place of Birth: Rotterdam
Date of Death: 1923
Place of Death: Aerdenhout 1923


George Hendrik Breitner was a painter, printmaker and photographer.


Breitner studied in The Hague and later in the studio of Willem Maris. Under Maris's influence and that of the Hague school he took to plein-air painting of city and dockside life. From 1886 he worked in Amsterdam where he used photography extensively in his work.

As well as Amsterdam he recorded the urban life of London, Paris and Berlin through the camera lens; the spontaneous quality of his painting technique and his fondness for diagonal compositions document the strong relationship between his photographs and paintings.

In 1901 he was an honorary member of the International Society of Sculptors, Painters and Gravers (#02355).


Bénézit, E., Dictionnaire des Peintres, Sculpteurs, Dessinateurs et Graveurs, 8 vols, Paris, 1956-61; Boom, M., 'George Hendrik Breitner,' Grove Dictionary of Art Online, (accessed 19 July 2004).