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Stanislas Henri-Jean Charles Cazin, 1841-1901

Nationality: French
Date of Birth: 1841.05.25
Place of Birth: Samer, Pas-de-Calais
Date of Death: 1901.03.17
Place of Death: Lavandou, Toulon


Stanislas Henri-Jean Charles Cazin married Marie Guillet in 1868.


Cazin was a painter and ceramicist, whose early paintings show his closeness to the realist tradition. For health reasons he spent some time in England, but primarily lived in Paris where he was part of the avant-garde art scene. Studying at the Ecole Gratuite de Dessin under Horace Lecoq de Boisbaudran he became friends with Alphonse Legros, Théodore Ribot, Henri Fantin-Latour and Léon Lhermitte. In 1863 he exhibited Recollections of the Dunes of Wissant [whereabouts unknown] at the Salon des Refusés. He taught for about three years at the Ecole Spéciale d'Architecture in Paris. Following this he moved to Chailly where he produced work in the manner of the Barbizon painters and exhibited them at the Salons of 1865 and 1866. Later that decade he became curator of the Musée des Beaux-Arts and director of the Ecole de Dessin in Tours, where in 1868 he instituted a system of teaching based on the mnemonic methods of Boisbaudran, and also began experimenting with stoneware ceramics.

In 1871 Cazin returned to England to escape the Franco-Prussian War where he worked at the Fulham Potteries producing cermaics reflecting the current craze for Japonisme. On his return to France, to Equihen, in 1875 he continued to design ceramics. He also began to paint again, eg. The Boatyard (1876; Museum of Art, Cleveland). His landscapes from this period began to show the burgeoning influence of the Impressionists. In the late 1870s he also began to paint large scale figural compositions influenced by Puvis de Chavannes, eg. Ishmael (1880; Musée des Beaux-Arts, Tours) for which he won an award at the Salon. He was awarded the Légion d'honneur for both his ceramics and painting in 1882, a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle in 1889 and a Grand Prix at the Exposition Universelle in 1900.


Weisburg, Gabriel P., 'Jean Charles Cazin: Memory Painting and Observation in The Boatyard', Bulletin of Cleveland Museum of Art, vol. 68, 1981, pp. 2-16; Weisburg, Gabriel P., '(Stanislas Henri-)Jean Charles Cazin', The Grove Dictionary of Art Online, ed. L. Macy, (accessed 2002).