UNIVERSITY of GLASGOW

The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler

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George Douglas Campbell, 1823-1900

Nationality: Scottish
Date of Birth: 1823.04.30
Place of Birth: Ardencaple, Argyll and Bute
Date of Death: 1900.04.24
Place of Death:

Identity:

Lord George Douglas Campbell was the eighth Duke of Argyll. In 1844 he married Lady Elizabeth Georgiana Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, the eldest daughter of the second Duke of Sutherland. She died in 1878. In 1881 he married his second wife, Amelia Maria, the daughter of Right Rev. Thomas Legh Claughton (formerly the Bishop of St Albans), the widow of Colonel Hon. Augustus Henry Archibald Anson of Danbury Palace, Essex. She died in 1894 and the Duke married in the following year Hon. Ina Erskine, Extra Woman of the Bedchamber to H.M., formerly Maid of Honour, daughter of the late Archibald McNeill of Colonsay.

The sons of his first marriage were John George Edward Henry Douglas Sutherland, the Marquess of Lorne (b. 1845); Archibald, a soldier, writer and businessman (b. 1846); Walter Campbell (b. 1848); George Granville, a lieutenant in the Royal Navy (b. 1850); and Colin Campell, M.P. for Argyllshire from 1878 to 1885 (b. 1853). The daughters of his first marriage were Edith, Countess Percy (b. 1849); Elizabeth (b. 1852); Victoria (b. 1854); Evelyn (b. 1855); Frances (b. 1858); Mary Emma (b. 1859); and Constance Harriet (b. 1864).

Life:

Lord George Douglas Campbell was a statesman, who during his career acted as Lord Privy Seal (1853-55, 1859-66, 1880-81); Lord Rector of Glasgow University (1854-55); Postmaster-General (1855-58); Secretary of State for India (1868-74); Lord Lieutenant and Hereditary High Sheriff of Argyllshire; Master of H.M.'s House in Scotland; Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland and of Dunstaffage, Dunoon and Carrick Castles; Chancellor of St Andrews University; and Hon. Colonel of the fifth Vol. Batallion of Princess Louise's Highlanders.

Lord and Lady Archibald Campbell were important patrons of Whistler who helped to restore his artistic position in London following his bankruptcy in 1879 (see Portrait of Lady Archibald Campbell in Court Dress (YMSM 240), The Grey Lady: Portrait of Lady Archibald Campbell (YMSM 241), Arrangement in Black: La Dame au brodequin jaune - Portrait of Lady Archibald Campbell (YMSM 242), Note in Green and Brown: Orlando at Coombe (YMSM 317) and r. and v.: Trellis (M.848)). They had two children. Their son Niall Diarmid succeeded his uncle as the tenth Duke of Argyll.

Lord and Lady Colin Campbell also commissioned a painting from Whistler, Harmony in White and Ivory: Portrait of Lady Colin Campbell (YMSM 354), a painting which was executed during Lady Gertrude Elizabeth Campbell's divorce hearing.

Bibliography:

Burke, E., The Peerage and Baronetage of Great Britain and Ireland, London; Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, London, 1896; Young, Andrew McLaren, Margaret F. MacDonald, Robin Spencer and Hamish Miles, The Paintings of James McNeill Whistler, New Haven and London, 1980; MacDonald, Margaret F., James McNeill Whistler. Drawings, Pastels and Watercolours. A Catalogue Raisonné, New Haven and London, 1995.