The Corresponence of James McNeil Whistler

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Marie Bashkirtseff, 1858-1884

Nationality: Russian
Date of Birth: 1858.11.24
Place of Birth: Pultowa, South Russia
Date of Death: 1884.10.31
Place of Death: Paris


Mariya Konstaninovna Bashkirtseva ('Marie Bashkirtseff') was a Ukrainian born painter and author.


Of unusually good education for her sex (she was an accomplished musician and linguist), Bashkirtseff settled in Paris in 1877. There she studied at the Académie Julian under Tony Robert-Fleury and Jules Bastien-Lepage. In 1880 she made her debut at the Paris Salon with a portrait of a woman. He career was short-lived but her work was regarded as showing much promise. She continued to exhibit until her death in 1884 from tuberculosis. A catalogue of her work was published in 1885, shortly after her death and her reputation increased in the 1890s. In 1884 Bashkirtseff exhibited The Meeting (1884; Paris, Musée d'Orsay) and it was later purchased by the French government. However a number of her other works were destroyed during World War II.

JW was very dismissive of her work and highly successful diaries (#02094, #10782), first published in English in 1889.


Encylopedia Britannica, on-line 1911 edition, (accessed 13 July 2004); Howard, Jeremy, 'Mariya Konstaninovna Bashkirtseva,' Grove Dictionary of Art Online,, (accessed 13 July 2004); Bashkirtseff, Marie, Catalogue des oeuvres de Mlle. Bashkirtseff, Paris 1885; Bashkirtseff, Marie, Journal de Marie Bashkirtzeff, Paris, 1888; Bashkirtseff, Marie, Lettres de Marie Bashkirtseff, avec quatre portraits, des autographes et une préface par François Coppée, Paris 1891; Blind, Mathilde, A Study of Marie Bashkirtseff London, 1892; Weisberg, Gabriel P. and Becker, Jane R., Overcoming all obstacles: the women of the Académie Julian, New York & New Jersey, 1999.