He was the son of Jacob Ten Broeck and Caroline C. Roorbach. He married Eliza M. Hamilton, daughter of Major Thomas Hamilton, and Catherine Whistler (AMW's sister-in-law).
He graduated from the Union College in 1838, and was admitted to the Bar in 1841. He was appointed Examiner in Chancery in 1841 and City Attorney in 1843. He received a commission as assistant Adjutant General and acting Adjutant General in 1852. He resided at Albany, NY, and was a great friend of Grover Cleveland, while he was Governor of New York. He was an attorney for the New York Central Rail Road at Albany.
Peter Van Vechten, The Genealogical Records of the Van Vechten's from 1638 to 1896, Milwaukee, WI, 1896, pp. 44-45.